This document uses a fixed navigation panel, "fixed" meaning it doesn't scroll with the text but always stays at the top of the browser window. The panel contains a pull-down chapter selection list and previous/next chapter buttons.


There are advantages to saving the sutra on your hard drive. The pages load faster when read from your hard drive and will always be available on your computer, even if you don't have an Internet connection. Saving is most easily accomplished by downloading the file at: (845KB download)

and unzipping it using file decompression/extraction software (such as 7-Zip, WinZip or pkunzip). A folder named "nirvana_sutra" will be created on your computer. You can go into that folder through your web browser and view the sutra exactly in the same manner as you view it over the Internet, except faster. Go into the folder and click on the file named "complete-sutra.html".


To access the sutra, go to the web address:

That will take you to the preface. When opening the sutra in your web browser, you can go directly to a specific chapter. You do that by appending "?chapter=N" (or "?c=N" for short) to the web address, where "N" is the chapter number. For example, to go directly to chapter 15 use:


When opening the sutra in your web browser, you can go directly to a specific passage in the text. You do that by appending "&passage=I" (or "&p=I" for short) to the web address, where "I" is the passage identifier. Both the chapter and passage must be specified, and the passage must be appended after the chapter. For example, to go directly to the milk anology in chapter 12 use:

For the passages to work, passage identifiers must be placed in the text. I accept requests for placing them. Just email me (using the "Feedback" link on the preface page) and specify the precise locations where you want them. The best way to do this is give me the text of the entire line where you want the passage to begin. That will make the location easy for me to find. And, of course, give me the chapter number where the passage is located.

You can create your own passage identifiers if you wish, otherwise I'll create them for you. If you create them yourself, you need to know the rules for creating them: Passage identifiers are unique identifiers which don't occur anywhere else in the text. The first character must be a letter. The remaining characters can be any combination of letters, numeric digits, hyphens ("-"), underscores ("_"), colons (":"), or periods (".").

Here is a list of the current passages:


Passage identifiers are case-sensitive so it's important to enter them with the correct case. If the case doesn't match, they won't work. For instance, "milkAnalogy" and "milkanalogy" do not match.


This document wasn't designed with printing in mind. It doesn't have page breaks or page numbers, so it isn't ideally suited for printing. However, it can be printed with good results. The print needs to be reduced to 80% of the original size. When printing, it's best to use these printer-friendly webpages:

Preface (Has some graphics and colors)

Chapter 1  Chapter 2  Chapter 3

Chapter 4  Chapter 5  Chapter 6

Chapter 7  Chapter 8  Chapter 9

Chapter 10  Chapter 11  Chapter 12

Chapter 13  Chapter 14  Chapter 15

Chapter 16  Chapter 17  Chapter 18

Chapter 19  Chapter 20  Chapter 21

Chapter 22  Chapter 23  Chapter 24

Chapter 25  Chapter 26  Chapter 27

Chapter 28  Chapter 29  Chapter 30

Chapter 31  Chapter 32  Chapter 33

Chapter 34  Chapter 35  Chapter 36

Chapter 37  Chapter 38  Chapter 39

Chapter 40  Chapter 41  Chapter 42

Chapter 43  Chapter 44  Chapter 45

Chapter 46

When using these webpages, the navigation panel isn't printed and the print is black-and-white (except for links and the Buddha image in the preface).


The icons are modified versions of icons from the Nuvola icon set. I am licensing them under the GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) version 3.